FALL SPORTS AND EYE INJURIES
Whether it is a sanctioned school sport, or simply a pickup game at the local park, it is important to keep you and your kids safe. Sporting eye injuries account for nearly 40,000 injuries every year, and 90% of those are preventable. When you strap on the sports gear, make sure protective eye wear is part of your uniform.
Various sports fall into one of three different categories: low risk, high risk, and very high risk. Depending on the risk level of your sport, it will dictate which protective eye wear you need.
Low risk sports include sports which do not use a ball, pick, stick, racquet, or bat and do not involve body contact. Some examples of low impact sports are track and field, cycling, gymnastics, swimming.
Medium risk sports are sports that use a ball, pick, bat, stick, or racquet and or involve some body contact. Some sports that are considered high risk include baseball, basketball, hockey, racquet sports, fencing, water polo, lacrosse, and football.
High risk sports involve body contact. Some sports included in this category are boxing, wrestling, and contact martial arts.
Blunt force trauma, penetrating injuries and radiation injury are among the most common types of injuries that are sustained during sporting activity.
Blunt force trauma occurs when something hits a person in the eye, or around the eye. This is one of the most common types of injuries for sports. Some of the most common types of blunt force trauma injuries include an orbital blowout (a fracture of the bone surrounding the eye its self) a ruptured globe (broken eyeball), detached retina (damage to the retina which is responsible for helping you to see) or bruising of the eye or eyelid (a black eye).
Penetrating injuries are when something cuts into your eye. These injuries are much less common. The most common type of penetrating injuries occur when the glasses that you are wearing break and a piece of the glass enters your eye. Other injuries can occur when someone inadvertently pokes you in the eye with their finger, or something such as a fishing hook gets caught in your eye. These cuts can range in the severity and depth depending on how invasive the foreign object is.
Radiation injuries are when the eye is exposed to ultraviolet light for long periods of time. This injury is often seen in sports where the sunlight reflects off of a surface such as snow skiing, water skiing or other water and snow sports.
While not every injury is preventable, taking the proper precaution and wearing the proper eye wear will minimize the risk. Have questions about which protective eye wear is best for you? Give our office at call at 742-443-6767 or 724-226-0444.
About the author: John D. Bissell, owner of Bissell Eye Care and Tri-State Low Vision Services, offers comprehensive eye examinations for the entire family, ocular disease detection and treatment, eye glasses, sun glasses, active wear, contact lenses, and low vision examinations for those with significant vision loss. He has undergone specialized training for treatment of low vision by the International Academy of Low Vision Specialists utilizing customized telescopic eyeglasses, prisms and telescopic implants for patients who qualify. The practice accepts most types of vision and health insurance plans.