State Driving Laws
Date last verified: January, 2012
OH: http://codes.ohio.gov/oac/4501:1-1-20 (Code last updated 03/21/2011 and still current)
- Driving without correction: Binocular applicant 20/40 or better, Monocular applicant 20/30 or better
- Driving with correction without restriction: Best corrected vision with corrective lenses: Same as non correction.
- Driving with restricted license: Binocular: best corrected vision is poorer than 20/40 but better than 20/70. Monocular: best corrected vision is poorer than 20/30 but better than 20/60
- No License: Binocular applicant best corrected is worse than 20/70. Monocular applicant best corrected is worse than 20/60.
- Visual fields: If applicant has greater than 70 degrees of vision from a target in each eye, the license is unrestricted. If one eye is comprised, it must have 45 degrees of field from the target in that eye and greater than 70 degrees in the other eye for a restricted license. If the field is worse in either eye, no license is granted.
- Bioptic telescopes: Driving with bioptics is permitted, however, multiple steps must be met to achieve this.
For Bioptic Driving http://codes.ohio.gov/oac/4501:1-1-33 (Code last updated 03/21/2011 and still current)
- If the vision requirements were not met as it pertained in code 4501:1-1-20, a person may still get a license to drive with bioptic telescopes.
- The applicant must go to an approved certified driving training and evaluation program center and have a new vision evaluation to see if they may be able to enter the bioptic program.
- Once permitted into the program, the applicant must take an examination regarding motor vehicle laws in Ohio. Once passing the permit test, the applicant will be granted a permit.
- When the permit is granted, an examination will be done to assure that the applicant can achieve the above listed acuities through the bioptic telescope and have proper visual fields.
- After the bioptics have proven to achieve the proper vision requirements, a driving test will be administered by at least two highway patrolman examiners.
- The applicant is permitted three attempts to pass the driving test. If they do not pass, they must retake the permit test again. If the driving test is passed, they will obtain an restricted driving license for 12 months. If after 12 months there have been no traffic citations or accidents, the applicant may apply for an unrestricted license. This test must be passed by two different examiners both a half hour after sundown and a half hour before sunrise.
Driver License Special Case Section, 4501:1-1-33
Date last verified: January, 2012
- BCVA of 20/200 in the better eye
- 120 degree visual field or greater
- Good color vision
- Bioptic must be mounted in driving position
- Must have and use bioptic for 3 months and do 10 hours of front seat passenger in car instruction with a low vision rehab specialist
- After 3 months of in car instruction, the applicant may apply for a permit to complete behind the wheel instruction. A letter of proof from the low vision rehabilitation specialist must included.
- After obtaining the permit, the applicant must do 20 hours of driving with a certified driving instructor, then an additional 45 hours (5 in inclement weather) with a licensed driver 21 years of age or older. This is daylight only, 30 minutes after sunrise and 30 minutes before sunset. This permit is for 12 months. Once this step is completed, the patient is reevaluated by the driving instructor who will then recommend that PennDOT schedule the individual for an on road driving exam by the DMV.
- This license limits the driving to roads other than freeways, vehicles less than 10,000 pounds, and no motorcycles. Other terms and restrictions may be placed on the license by the low vision rehabilitation specialist, certified driving professional, or the DMV.
- The license is daylight only if the acuity through the telescope is 20/50 or worse. If the acuity is 2/40 or better, the patient can apply for a nighttime license after 1 year of original bioptic licensure and no violations or accidents were made in that year, and the patient is reevaluated by the certified driving instructor.
- Annual vision assessments are required to determine that the vision meets the standards.
- The DMV will review the patients record annually. If the law states the patient was involved in an at fault accident or convicted of 2 moving violations, or any violations of the conditions or limitations of the license shall result in the recall of the bioptic telescope license.
PA: http://www.pacode.com/secure/data/067/chapter83/s83.3.html (code last updated in 2021, and still current)
Section 83. 3, Bureau of Driver Licensing
Date last verified: February, 2012
To qualify for the WV Bioptic Driving Program an applicant must present the following from a visual standpoint:
- Visual acuity of 20/70 – 20/200 inclusive in the better eye with best standard correction;
- Visual field of at least 120 degrees horizontally and 80 degrees vertically in the same eye as used for visual acuity determination;
- Improved visual acuity of 20/40 or better using a 4x maximum bioptic telescope;
- No serious color vision deficits;
- No ocular diagnosis or prognosis that is likely to deteriorate below the protocol levels of visual acuity and visual field as stated above.
Authority for these requirements based on laws of West Virginia, relating to “Class G” driver’s license.